Information about Gullfoss

The Golden Waterfalls (Gullfoss) are situated in the upper part of River Hvita. The water cascades down two steps, one 11 m high, and the other 22 m, into the 2,5 km long canyon below. This canyon was created at the end of the Ice Age by catastrophic flood waves and is lengthened by 25 cm a year by the constant erosion.

Above the waterfalls are dangerous rapids. History tells us about daredevils, who forded the river there. One of them was a young man, who watched his fathers sheep every summer on the west bank of the river. On the other side, a young woman did the same thing for her family. They started shouting across the river and became acquainted that way. Eventually the young man proposed to the girl across the river and she accepted on the condition, that he came right away across to seal their agreement. He did that and of course, they lived happily ever after.

In 1930 and 1948, the river was flooded to the brim of the canyons and both times bridges further down river were swept away. Early in the 20th century the farmer of Brattholt, who owned the water rights of the river contracted them to an English firm for a hydroelectric power station. The farmers daughter opposed this and even threatened to throw herself into the foaming water to prevent this accident. She fought bravely alone until a young lawyer, who later became the countries first president, came to her aid. Together they managed to save the waterfalls and she was commemorated by a monument in the canyon by the waterfalls in 1978.

In the canyon, alternating strata of lavas and moraines (till/tillite) are obvious and tell us about warm and cold epochs of the Ice Age.

Services near Gullfoss

All services in 50km radius

Attractions nearby Gullfoss

Geysir

This most famous and former largest spouting hot spring of the world probably was created during an extended earthquake period at the end of the 13th...

View

Hjálparfoss

Hjalparfoss is a beautiful, two stepped waterfall near the confluence of Rivers Thjorsa and Fossa in the Thjorsa Valley. The surrounding area is calle...

View

Háifoss

HAIFOSS The waterfall Háifoss is situated near the volcano Hekla in the south of Iceland. The river Fossá, a tributary of Þjórsá, drops here from a h...

View

Hekla

The most “renowned or infamous” volcano of Iceland, Hekla, is situated on a 25 miles long volcanic fissure. The volcano itself is about 3 miles long a...

View

Öxarárfoss

Öxarárfoss is a waterfall in Þingvellir National Park, Iceland. It flows from the river Öxará over the Almannagjá. The pool at the base of the waterfa...

View

Kerið

The crater Kerið was formed about 6,500 years ago and lies at the northern end of a row of craters known as Tjarnarhólar. It is oval, about 270 m long...

View

Þingvellir National Park

Þingvellir has always been popular, for obvious reasons. The history and striking landscape make the place an almost mandatory stopping point for tour...

View

Sigöldugljúfur / Valley of tears

Sigöldugljúfur used to be a river way, but when the hydro electric damn Sigölduvirkjun was built, the water from the waterfall Sigöldufoss was directe...

View

Kerlingafjöll

Kerlingarfjöll Kerlingarfjöll peaks.jpg The peaks of the Kerlingarfjöll area, close. Highest point Elevation    1,477 m (4,846 ft) Coordinates    64°...

View

Gýgjarforss

There are not many waterfalls in the Icelandic highland that have become popular or major attractions.  One of the reasons is the relatively short tim...

View

Hraunfossar

Hraunfossar - Lava Falls - are beautiful and unusual natural phenomena. Clear, cold springs of subterranean water seep through the lava and run as tin...

View

Bláhylur

Bláhylur / Hnausapollur Lake Hnausapollur is on of two crater lakes of the Veidivotn System south of River Tungnaa.  The other one is Lake Ljotipollu...

View

Frostastaðavatn

Lake Frostastadavatn rests in breathtaking nature and is surrounded by black lava fields and colourful rhyolite mountains. It covers around 2,5km2 and...

View

Ljótipollur

Ljótipollur is an explosion crater and crater lake in the south Highlands. Its name means ‘Ugly Puddle’, despite the fact it is an incredibly beautifu...

View

Landmannalaugar

LANDMANNALAUGAR - NATURE RESERVE Landmannalaugar derives its name from a hot pool that rises from under the Laugahraun lava field. Landmannalaugar ha...

View

Hveravellir

Hveravellir (The Hot Spring Fields) is a very interesting low temperature area at the northern edge of the lava field Kjalhraun. It is a popular stopo...

View

Þórsmörk

Þórsmörk is a mountain ridge in Iceland that was named after the Norse god Þór. It is situated in the south of Iceland between the glaciers Tindfjalla...

View

Seljalandsfoss

A unique waterfall in the river Seljalandsá, about 30 km west from Skógar. It is 60 meters high with a foot path behind it at the bottom of the cliff,...

View

Eyjafjallajökull

Eyjafjallajökull is one of the smaller ice caps of Iceland, north of Skógar and west of Mýrdalsjökull. The ice cap covers the caldera of a volcano wit...

View

Eldgjá

ELDGJA CANYON Between Kirkjubæjarklaustur and Landmannalaugar, the eruptive fissure Eldgjá is to be found. Eldgjá is a 40 km long eruptive fissure, 6...

View