Information about Mýrdalsjökull

Mýrdalsjökull, Icelandic for "(the) mire dale glacier" or "(the) mire valley glacier") is an ice cap in the south of Iceland. It is to the north of Vík í Mýrdal and to the east of the smaller ice cap Eyjafjallajökull. Between these two glaciers is Fimmvörðuháls pass. Its peak reaches 1,493 m (4,898 ft) in height and in 1980 it covered an area of 595 km2 (230 sq mi).

The icecap of the glacier covers an active volcano called Katla. The caldera of the volcano has a diameter of 10 km (6 mi) and the volcano erupts usually every 40–80 years. The last eruption took place in 1918. Scientists are actively monitoring the volcano, particularly after the eruption of nearby Eyjafjallajökull began in April 2010. Since the year 930, 16 eruptions have been documented.

The Eldgjá, a volcanic eruption fissure about 30 km (19 mi) long, which erupted in the year 936, is part of the same volcanic system.

Before the Hringvegur (the main ring road round the island) was built, people feared traversing the plains in front of the volcano because of the frequent jökulhlaups (glacial floods) and the deep rivers to be crossed, although the road is still vulnerable to major events. Especially dangerous was the glacial flood after the eruption of 1918 when the coastline was extended by 5 km (3.1 mi) by laharic flood deposits.

Mýrdalsjökull is an exceedingly wet location, with models suggesting it receives more than 10 metres of precipitation annually.

Services near Mýrdalsjökull

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Attractions nearby Mýrdalsjökull

Katla

Katla is one of the largest volcanoes in Iceland. It is situated to the north of Vík í Mýrdal and to the east of the smaller glacier Eyjafjallajökull....

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Fimmvörðuháls

Fimmvörðuháls is the area between the glaciers Eyjafjallajökull and Mýrdalsjökull in southern Iceland. The route between Skógar and Thórsmörk goes thr...

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Þórsmörk

Þórsmörk is a mountain ridge in Iceland that was named after the Norse god Þór. It is situated in the south of Iceland between the glaciers Tindfjalla...

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Skógafoss

SKOGAFOSS - WATERFALL Only a few kilometers away from the south shores of Iceland, lies the village of Skógar along the Southern Ring Road. It is a p...

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Eyjafjallajökull

Eyjafjallajökull is one of the smaller ice caps of Iceland, north of Skógar and west of Mýrdalsjökull. The ice cap covers the caldera of a volcano wit...

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Vík

VÍK Mýrdalshreppur region is one of three municipalities in Katla UNESCO GLOBAL Geopark. Vik is the central town in the Geopark and has developed as...

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Dyrhólaey

DYRHOLAEY Dyrhólaey is a 120-metre high promontory, not far from Vík. The place got its name from the massive arch that the sea has eroded from the h...

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Reynisdrangar

Reynisdrangar are basalt sea stacks situated under the mountain Reynisfjall near the village Vík í Mýrdal, southern Iceland which is framed by a black...

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Landmannalaugar

LANDMANNALAUGAR - NATURE RESERVE Landmannalaugar derives its name from a hot pool that rises from under the Laugahraun lava field. Landmannalaugar ha...

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Frostastaðavatn

Lake Frostastadavatn rests in breathtaking nature and is surrounded by black lava fields and colourful rhyolite mountains. It covers around 2,5km2 and...

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Seljalandsfoss

A unique waterfall in the river Seljalandsá, about 30 km west from Skógar. It is 60 meters high with a foot path behind it at the bottom of the cliff,...

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Ljótipollur

Ljótipollur is an explosion crater and crater lake in the south Highlands. Its name means ‘Ugly Puddle’, despite the fact it is an incredibly beautifu...

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Eldgjá

ELDGJA CANYON Between Kirkjubæjarklaustur and Landmannalaugar, the eruptive fissure Eldgjá is to be found. Eldgjá is a 40 km long eruptive fissure, 6...

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Bláhylur

Bláhylur / Hnausapollur Lake Hnausapollur is on of two crater lakes of the Veidivotn System south of River Tungnaa.  The other one is Lake Ljotipollu...

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Hekla

The most “renowned or infamous” volcano of Iceland, Hekla, is situated on a 25 miles long volcanic fissure. The volcano itself is about 3 miles long a...

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Fjaðrárgljúfur

FJAÐRÁRGLJÚFUR Fjaðrárgljúfur is a magnificent and massive canyon, about 100 meters deep and about two kilometres long. The canyon has sheer walls, a...

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Kirkjubæjarklaustur

Kirkjubæjarklaustur - Skaftárhreppur Kirkjubæjarklaustur was known in olden times as "Kirkjubær" (Church Farm) and was an important farming estate. I...

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Sigöldugljúfur / Valley of tears

Sigöldugljúfur used to be a river way, but when the hydro electric damn Sigölduvirkjun was built, the water from the waterfall Sigöldufoss was directe...

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Hjálparfoss

Hjalparfoss is a beautiful, two stepped waterfall near the confluence of Rivers Thjorsa and Fossa in the Thjorsa Valley. The surrounding area is calle...

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Háifoss

HAIFOSS The waterfall Háifoss is situated near the volcano Hekla in the south of Iceland. The river Fossá, a tributary of Þjórsá, drops here from a h...

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